JOINT examination

 

JOINT examination

Standing (gait) supine prone
General plan for examination of bones and joints of a limb

Look

(inspection)

Feel

(palpation)

Move

Measure / special tests

  1. Skin (scar – sinus)
  2. Subcutaneous (swelling)
  3. Muscle (wasting – spasm)
  4. Bone (deformity)
Temperature

Tenderness

Soft tissue related

Active

Passive

Against resistance

Full range vs. limited rang

Painful vs. painless

Measure Length and Girth

Examination of joint above and joint below

Examination of sensory and motor innervations

Examination of peripheral circulation